Popular Orientalists’ Approach to the Holy Quran

In this tabulated piece I attempt to summarize the popular /major Orientalist works surrounding Quran. Initially their works was limited to translation with some preface/companion. Those translations were far from being decent and even further from being fair. However, of late their works have snowballed and now they have been able to put forward elaborate... Continue Reading →

Popular Biographical accounts of Prophet(saw)’s life in Western Academia

The information provided here is summarized from “Early Sources for Prophet Muhammad's Biography” by  Dr. Muhammad Saeed Mitwally ar-Rahawan. While he goes into details for most of the works mentioned here I am merely tabulating the contents for ease of access for the readers. It is to be noted that I purposefully abstained from documenting... Continue Reading →

On Hijab by Muzzammil Ahmad

The verse of Hijab is really astounding in how often it is misunderstood and even misinterpreted by those that observe it. Allah says in the Qur’an:يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا "O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters... Continue Reading →

How Do Differences in the Qiraa’aat Affect the Tafsir?


The following Q&A took place with sheikh ‘Abdullah al-‘Awaaji, former professor of Tafsir at the Islamic University of al-Madinah, on Twitter on February 10th, 2020:

هل اختلاف اللفظ في القراءات يغير تفسير الكلمة في القرآن الكريم

Question: Does a difference in wording among the qiraa’aat change the explanation of that word in the Qur’an?

الاختلاف في القراءات بالنسبة للمعنى نوعان١-ما لا أثر له في التفسير، الاختلاف في وجوه الأداء،كالتسهيل والإمالة والمدود.٢-ما له أثر في التفسير،وأثره نوعان: ـ

Answer: There are two types of differences among the qiraa’aat when it comes to the meaning of a word:

1) Differences which do not have any effect on the explanation of the word. These are differences in the way that a word in articulated, such as lightening, imalah, and the mudood.

2) Differences which do have an effect on the explanation. These effects can be furthered divided into two categories:

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The Historical Spread of the Qiraa’aat: 300AH to Present


In part of his master’s thesis on the different qiraa’aat and their effects on religious rulings, Dr. Waleed Al-Maneese included the following chapter regarding the historical spread of the qiraa’aat in different regions of the Muslim world, with particular focus on the year 300 onwards. For more information on the earlier period of the qiraa’aat, see The Early History of the Qiraa’aat: al-Suyooti.

السرد التاريخي لانتشار القراءات في وانحسارها في البلدان
A Collection of Points on the Historical Spread and Decline of the Different Qiraa’aat in the Various Lands

والذي توصلت إليه من خلال النقول التي تجمعت لديّ حول السرد التاريخي لانتشار القراءات في الأمصار وانحسارها منها ما يلي : ـ

What follows is material that I have gathered from various reports related to the historical spread of the different qiraa’aat in the various lands and their subsequent declines in popularity. It goes as follows:

١) إلى عصر…

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